The olive tree is a symbol of the Mediterranean, and not unjustified. It's connected with the mediterranean alimentation but anyone can say that it's related with the survival of natives. So, these agricultural-humble buildings, that in the language of the people are called liotrivia, were an inextricable piece of their lives. In Naxos there are 90 counted olive press buildings.
Not many are saved from time, or their use has been altered (they have become residences). Most of which are located in the central and mountainous Naxos, as the olive oil production there is bigger. In the lowland the olive press is called "tri(g)os" as in the mountainous "fabrika". Our Olive Press is situated in Eggares Village on the main road, easy accessible. The owner is Nikoleta Antoniou Lianou and the grounds have been fully restored with the help of the civil engineer Gianni Sp. Protonotario.
Today is operating as a museum. The building is made of stone, 100,00m2 that consists of 2 rooms, the traditional with all the stages of olive oil production as well as an exhibition with olive products. It's dated back to 1884, from its press indication, but according to the hearsay of the locals, it's dated before that, probably at the start of the century.
OLIVE PRESS "MAGGANOS"
A press system made of iron, where the auger ends to a flat, square piece of iron, the so-called "tavli" in Greek, which was pressed against the "tsourapes" (special bags made of goat hair, where the olive pulp was put after the crushing). Then, the liquids, water and oil, after passing through a special pan, the "lichnos" as it was called in Greek, were discharged in basins, where the separation of the oil from the water was carried out using the simple method of gravity (oil is lighter than water).
Note: The wooden piece, approx. 2 m in length, which drives the press, is usually made of wild olive tree or yew tree wood and is called "crank". The "crank" was operated directly by the workers or through the capstan ("adraktos" in Greek) or the winch-hoist ("maggani" in Greek). At the lower part of the photo, you can see the "palamistis" or "tasi" as it is called in Greek, i.e. a specially shaped flask used for the transport of oil to the final storing vessels